بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
At times Allah makes someone fall into a trouble so that he/she may get closer to Allah by means of:
1. Pardoning of sins – It’s mentioned in a narration that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم said: “There is no calamity that befalls a Muslim but Allah expiates (sin) thereby, even a thorn that pricks him.”
(Narrated by Imām al Bukhārī and Imām Muslim)
Note: For major sins, however, proper Tawbah (repentance) should be made (i.e. remorse should be present in the heart along with determination that it will not be repeated)
2. Gaining huge rewards by practicing Sabr – i.e. remaining satisfied with Allah’s decree and not getting lazy in fulfilling His commandments out of despair.
Allah Ta’ālā says “Give glad tidings to the Sābirūn (patient ones)” (Surah Al Baqarah: 155).
3. Making Du’aa – one becomes deeply attached with Allah by making Du’aa. Allah loves when an ‘Abd (slave of Allah) begs in front of Allah and shows his Ihtiyāj (destitute).
4. Undergoing Islāh (Reformation) – misfortunes and afflictions give person a chance to change him/her-self. If this change shall ensue in a positive way (i.e. one becomes more obedient towards Allah and leaves away sins) then this will rather turn out to be a great ‘fortune’.
So imagine you attaining attachment with Allah, The Most High, due to a trivial, worldly mishappening ! Thus some pious person said in a verse:
جو ساتھ تم بھی ہو تو غم کا کیا غم ہے
If one attains friendship of Allah then grief for the mishap, that enabled this to happen, will surely be replaced with joy and tranquility.
Sunnah: Upon getting any sort of affliction (be it a prick of a thorn), one should recite the following:
إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ اللَّهُمَّ أْجُرْنِي فِي مُصِيبَتِي وَأَخْلِفْ لِي خَيْرًا مِنْهَا
Translation: We belong to Allah and to Him shall we return; O Allah, reward me for my affliction and give me something better than it in exchange for it.
(Narrated by Imam Muslim)
Lastly, remember that any event that’s going to happen in our lives is either going to make us happy or make us sad. A believer utilizes both these opportunities to gain closeness with Allah – he does Shukr (offers gratitude) at that which makes him feel joyful and practices Sabr (patience) at that which makes him grief stricken. So thereby he gains benefit from both sort of situations! Thus a Hadith states ‘Amazing is the affair of believer’, and then it refers to the aforementioned phenomenon (Narrated in Sahih Muslim)
Adapted from various discourses by Ulama and Shuyukh